About armenia

If I am asked where is the place on the earth that one can come across many miracles, I would name Armenia. Involuntarily you are surprised in such a small place on the earth it is possible to meet such monuments and such people, who can be the ornaments and pride of the whole world.

Rockwell Kent
American painter and writer

 

Armenia is about 30,000 sq. km with population of approximatly 3 million . It is mountainous country and the highest mountain is  Aragats - 4095 m. Armenia is located in the southern part of Caucasus and Armenians are ancient people. They inhabited the region between the Black Sea, Caspian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea for nearly 3000 years. They are believed to be a mixture of local Urartu and Indo-European inhabitants. Armenians call themselves “Hai” and their country “Hayastan”. Yet most of the world calls them Armenians because of a local tribe called “Armen”. Its neighboring countries are Georgia, Azerbaijan, Turkey and Iran. The capital of Armenia is Yerevan, one of the oldest cities of the world, and once called “Erebuni”. Other major cities are Gumri, Dilijan, Etchmiadzin, Goris, Meghri, Hrazdan, Vanadzor and Ghapan.

Etchmiadzin is the Holy Seat of the Armenian Apostolic Church and the spiritual center of all Armenians with patriarchates of Jerusalem and Constantinople. Its Cathedral was built in 301. Armenians were the first nation to make Christianity their state religion during the reign of Trdat III (287-330) by St. Grigor Lusavoritch (the Illuminator).

The Armenian alphabet was invented in 405 by a monk called Mesrop Mashtots and it is considered to be one of the major reasons of their survival (the other being the Armenian Church).

 

Since the 9-th century Armenia has been partitioned between its neighbors, The Byzantines, the Persians, the Arabs, the Russians and the Ottomans Turks. The Turks still occupy majority of the Historic Armenian territories. As a result of these invasions and heavy taxation by the Ottoman Turks and after losing their sovereignty in the Armenian Highlands and the fall of the capital city of Ani, Armenians moved further south to the Mediterranean Sea where they established The Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, which survived about 400 years. During this period Armenians formed alliances with the Crusaders and provided support to them on their way to Jerusalem. During these invasions so many valuable and irreplaceable works of art have been burned, destroyed and lost forever. Yet many have somehow survived and are kept in the Armenian National Library in present day Armenia, called “The Madenataran” and various museums all over the world.Today Armenians are scattered all around the world and they are important part of the political life of their adopted countries.

 

 
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